What is a trading pattern? Which trading patterns exist?

Most newcomers, as soon as they enter the market, the first thing they start to pay attention to are trade patterns.  But without understanding this issue, they start making mistakes and losing their money.  In this article we will tell:



Quite often from inexperienced traders you can hear that the patterns are drawn by whales (so-called big players).  But this is not the case, whales do not meet and do not agree with each other in order to draw this or that pattern. 

A pattern is a normal price behavior, a regularity that tends to recur periodically in the market. Traders gave names to the most common models: triangle, head and shoulders, double bottom, double top, etc.

What trading patterns are there?


Symmetrical triangle -  one of the most common formations on the chart.  During the formation of the figure, the price fluctuates between two narrowing trend lines: up and down. A symmetrical triangle often leads to a continuation of the trend. The pattern can be considered complete after the breakout of any of the levels, the direction of the breakout indicates the direction of further price movements.

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Ascending triangle- next in the list of triangles.  The main difference is that the top line of such a triangle is horizontal. The lower limit is the upward trend line. Unlike a symmetrical triangle, which is quite neutral and almost always serves as a continuation of the trend, the ascending triangle is a bullish structure and in the vast majority of cases there is a breakout. Such a triangle is formed more often during the upward trend and serves as its continuation. The structure ends with a breakout of the upper line.

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Descending triangle - a formation opposite to the ascending triangle. In this case, the horizontal bottom line, and the top - is a downward trend line. In most cases, it is a bearish structure that breaks down.

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Falling wedge – a bullish figure that is formed in a downward trend and serves as a guide for a possible reversal of the trend and the transition to correction, or upward trend. Resistance and support levels are directed downwards, and the breakout of the model usually occurs upwards.

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Rising wedge- a bearish figure that is formed during an upward trend, thus suggesting a correction or a downward trend. Resistance and support levels are directed upwards, and the breakout of the model usually occurs downwards.

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Cup and handle – this term was chosen because of the similarity between this type of utensil and what the trader sees on the chart.  The figure in the technical analysis is considered to be a model of trend continuation.  It is usually formed in the middle of an uptrend or downtrend and looks like a correction zone consisting of two elements: an arc that looks like a cup and a short drop zone that looks like a handle.  In the process of forming the figure, maxima are formed, connecting which we obtain the level of resistance (upper limit of the cup).  In the event of a breakout and consolidation above the resistance line, the upward trend continues.

There is also a bear model, the appearance of which is characteristic of the downward trend, which is called an inverted cup and handle

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Double top - a bearish reversal pattern that signals the end of an uptrend. The figure is formed by two price maxima, which are formed at the same level, and the cut line, which acts as a local support. Traders wait for the price to break the support line, then open the short position.

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Double bottom - a bullish reversal structure that works on the same model as the double top, but in the opposite direction and signals the end of the downward trend. The figure is formed by two price minima, which are formed at the same level, and the cut line, which acts as a resistance.  Traders wait for the price to break the resistance line, then open long positions. 

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Head and shoulders - the figure is rarely seen on the chart in its pure form. In general, the pattern is considered a reversible formation. The head and shoulders consist of three consecutive vertices, the middle and highest vertex - the head, the other two - the shoulders, they are lower and approximately equal. Below all three vertices, there is also a support line called the neck. Traders wait for the price to breakout the support line (neck), then open short positions.